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Inherent Fire Retardant Foliage

In the 1970's Disney approached Autograph's founder, Alvis Barrier, P.E., to develop artificial plants and trees for the construction of Disney's Epcot. 

Since then, Autograph has developed a realistic and natural looking line of IFR (Inherent Fire Retardant) artificial Trees, Plant, Grasses, and Florals. Specified by Architects, Commercial and Professional Plantscape Contractors, Fire Marshals, the Federal Government (GSA) and Building Safety Managers, Autograph's IFR standards are used internationally.

Autograph's artificial foliage has been tested under strict and rigid requirements. Fire Retardant Testing Passes:
  • National Fire Prevention Association 701 Test for Non-Flammability
  • ASTM-E84-95 Standard Test Methods for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Material. Test is also published under the following designations: ANSI 2.5, NFPA 244, UBC 8-1 (42-1) UL 73.
  • California State Fire Marshall – Registered Flame Resistant Product – Registration No. F-37201
  • Wiretec British Standard Tests – BS 476 Part 6 and BS 476 Part 7
  • Toxicity and Pyrolysis Test – Singapore

Autograph's Inherent Fire Retardant foliage will NOT wash off, dissipate, drip off, or leave a messy, oily film.

Our Fire Retardant faux foliage becomes less flammable with age! The fire retardant is impregnated directly into the fabric and polyethylene foliage prior to printing and injection molding. 

All Inherent Fire Retardant Foliage will have a “R” in prefix and be indicated with Fire Retardant symbol.
Item numbers highlighted in RED can be special ordered as Fire Retardant. Please ask for quote.

Archives - Read More


Interiorscape Magazine Sept/Oct 1999

Fire Safe Foliage used in Commercial Settings

fire safe foliage

A pioneer in the development of artificial IFR plants and trees,  Autograph has sold thousands and thousands of IFR plants since the early 1980’s to various dealers worldwide.

Our IFR plants and trees are used in all of the following places:
- Government Office Buildings
- Public Buildings
- VA Medical Centers
- Military Bases
- Airports
- Schools and Universities
 
Other Installations of Autograph’s IFR plants include:
- Commercial Offices
- Residential Living Complexes
- Large indoor Sports Facilities
- Cruise Ships
- Shopping Malls
- Hospitals and Wellness Centers
- Fitness Clubs and Spas
- Resort Hotels and Casinos
- Film and Production Companies
- Theaters
- Amusement Parks and Attractions
- Museums
- Zoos and Aquariums
 
Our IFR foliage is available for Wholesale, Commercial, and GSA accounts only. Sorry, no residential sales. Please contact Autograph for a local dealer.

Illustration of Foliage Subject to Flame Ignition & Smoke
Development During Testing.

Comparing Regular Foliage vs. Inherent Fire Retardant Foliage

IFR  flame applied to ifr branch  flame removed ifr branch does not self ignite  flame self extinguishes
  Flame applied to fabric leaf with steady ignition Flame removed, no self ignition Flame self extinguishes, no secondary ignition
       
 NON
IFR
flame applied to leaf steady ignition flame removed with increased ignition and flame spread  continued burning to branch without flame protection
  Flame applied to fabric leaf with steady ignition Flame removed resulting in increased ignition and flame spread Continued burning and self ignition

Fire Retardant

 

Inherent Fire Retardant Testing

Autograph’s IFR plants and tree line has passed the following fire tests and/or certifications. Upon request, we can provide the following documentation along with your purchase of any of our IFR foliage.
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), Committee E-5 on Fire Standards
Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
 (ANSI 2.5, NFPA 255, UBC 8-1, UL 723). 
Test performed on PVC material with passing scores (Class 1 or Class A) for flame spread and smoke indexes.
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), Committee E-5 on Fire Standards
Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
 (ANSI 2.5, NFPA 255, UBC 42-1, UL 723)
. Test performed on Artificial Foliage with passing scores (Class 1 or Class A) for flame spread and smoke indexes.
Method for Classification of the Surface Spread of Flame of Products. 
Test performed on Artificial Foliage with passing scores (Class 0)
. Class 0 is the highest national product performance classification for lining materials.
Method for Classification of the Surface Spread of Flame of Products
. Test performed on Artificial Foliage with passing scores (Class 1 or Class A).
Registered Flame Resistant Product Identified in Section 13115
. Test performed on Artificial Foliage with passing scores.
Small Scale Test (NFPA 701) 
IFR Fabric Foliage. 
Test performed on Artificial Foliage with passing scores.
Analysis of Pyrolysis and Combustion Gases
. Evaluation of Toxic Fumes Generated from Material Sample During Burning
Samples of Artificial Foliage passed: The above analytical toxic fume results generated from the sample were below the IDLH Value of the listed gases (the concentration of the gas in the atmosphere which for an exposure time of 30 minutes is immediately Dangerous to Life or Health) in the NIOSH Guide.


IFR Silk and Plastic Foliage FAQ's

Silk plants are made from either of the following:
  • Polyester Pongee – Lightweight approx. 2 oz.
  • Steel, Wire, Tubes and Rods
  • Plastics (Polyethylene)
  • PVC – Polyvinyl Chloride – Inherently Fire Resistant plastic
  • Colorants, Latex and Various Urethane Coatings
Indoor Silk plants and trees can be rendered fire retardant by:
  1. Surface Application by Spraying or Dipping. Not recommended. This is a temporary application that will eventually wash off and dissipate.
  2. FR Additives are included in the manufacturing process. Best Option with the most benefits.
Both Fabric and Plastic Components are either Inherently or Independently Molded or Manufactured with Fire Retardant Materials. Who enforces the Fire Retardant codes? For decades, millions of fires occur across the country and are responsible for thousands of deaths. Some caused by spread of combustible materials. As a result, strict building code requirements were put in place to reduce damages and loss of lives. State and local fire officials across the country enforce their own fire codes. Before ordering silk plants for commercial use, check the building codes requirements for any regulations on the use of artificials. Using fire retardant silks will help prevent potentially costly mistakes later. It’s better to be safe than sorry!

 

Fire codes and regulations vary nationally and internationally. Our IFR product will pass all tests. However it is important to research fire codes and collect testing data from area of where the foliage will be installed. Fire officials will ask for this testing at the time of installation. So do your research and don't make the mistake of installing non-flame retardant product if your project mandates fire retardant materials.

The alternative sprayed or dipped fire treatment is only for temporary use but price is still higher than regular silk foliage. So its not a very cost effective solution compared to IFR products. Surface treatments of foliage can also change the appearance showing a flaky or dusty film, texture, and feel of materials.